A range of possible offences may be used where an adult engages in sexual activity with a child, depending on the nature of the sexual activity.
If, however, an adult approaches a child with the intent of engaging in sexual activity, but no sexual activity actually takes place, that may or may not constitute an offence.
Whether or not it is an offence depends on the available law.
In cases of attempting to commit a sexual offence, there will also be a question of fact to answer - that is, whether the adult has taken steps towards carrying out their intent.
One way is for the police to pretend to be children in online spaces and wait for the predators to come to them.
This paper reflects on the nature of online grooming and the police response.
However, a maximum penalty of 10 years applies if the child is, or is believed by the adult to be, less than 12 years of age.
The Act inserted section 218A into the Queensland Criminal Code.
In 76 per cent of cases the suspect was arrested for an offence within one month of the first online contact.
In 68 per cent of cases the adult sought offline contact with the child.
They use computers at home, at friends' places, at the library and at school to work, play and communicate.
Some have net connectivity on portable devices such as mobile phones.